The Phrontistery

Books by Stephen Chrisomalis
Numerical Notation: A Comparative History Human Expeditions: Inspired by Bruce Trigger


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   ABCD EFGH IJKL MNO P QRST UVWX YZINDEX

Word Definition
iamatology study of remedies
iamb poetic foot consisting of short then a long syllable
ianthine violet-coloured
iatraliptic relating to the curing of diseases by means of unguents
iatramelia medical negligence
iatrarchy government by physicians
iatrochemistry application of chemistry to medical theory
iatrogenic induced inadvertently by medical treatment
iatrology treatise or text on medical topics
iatromathematics archaic practice of medicine in conjunction with astrology
iatrophobia fear of going to the doctor
ibidem in the same place
iceblink glare in the sky caused by light reflected off ice
ichneumous parasitical
ichneutic of, like or pertaining to a tracker or tracking
ichnite fossilized footprint
ichnogram footprint
ichnography art of drawing ground plans
ichnology science of fossilized footprints
ichnomancy divination using footprints
ichthyic of, resembling or pertaining to fish
ichthyoid fishlike
ichthyolatry the worship of fish
ichthyology study of fish
ichthyomancy divination by inspecting fish entrails
ichthyomorphic shaped like a fish
ichthyophagous fish-eating
ichthyopolist fish seller
iconoclasm attacking of established beliefs
iconography study of drawing symbols
iconolagny sexual stimulation from pictures or statues
iconolatry image-worship
iconology study of icons; symbols
iconomachy opposition to the worship of images or icons
iconomancy divination using icons
iconomania obsession with icons or portraits
iconomatic using pictures to represent sounds of words
iconometer instrument for finding size of object by measuring its image
iconophilism a taste for pictures and symbols
iconoplast one who makes images or icons
iconostasis screen or partition in Eastern churches with tiers of icons
icterical of, like or pertaining to or suffering from jaundice
icterine yellowish or marked with yellow
icterine of, like or pertaining to orioles and related birds
icteritious jaundiced; yellow
ictus stress in poetry or verse
idempotent quantity which does not change when squared
ideogenous being of mental origin
ideogeny study of origins of ideas
ideogram symbol that stands for a concept rather than a word
ideophone word that is spoken but not written
ideopraxist one who is impelled to carry out an idea
idiochromatic having unique or distinctive coloration
idiocrasis intrinsic peculiarity or unique feature
idioglossia private language developed between children
idiograph private mark; trademark
idiolect distinctive individual form of speech
idiologism personal speech peculiarity
idiomology study of idiom, jargon or dialect
idiomorphic having a unique or distinct form
idiopathic disease particular to an individual
idiophone percussion instrument made of naturally resonant material
idiorhythmic self-regulating
idiothermous warm-blooded
idioticon vocabulary of a particular district
idolomancy divination using idols
idolomania obsession or devotion to idols
idolothyte sacrifice presented to an idol
idolum mental image; logical fallacy
idoneous suitable; appropriate
ifsoever if ever
ignavia laziness; laxity
ignescent capable of emitting sparks; of a volatile mood
ignicolist fire-worshipper
ignify to burn
ignipotent presiding over fire
ignivomous vomiting or spewing forth fire
ignoscency forgiveness
ignotism mistake due to ignorance
ilastical propitiatory; expiatory
iliac of, like or pertaining to the loins
ilicic of, like or pertaining to holly
ilke kind or nature
illapse to glide in
illaqueate to ensnare
illation the act of inferring from premises
illative indicating movement into or toward
illaudable not praiseworthy
illeist one who refers to oneself in the third person
illimitable limitlessly infinite
illinition act of rubbing against or on
illiquation the melting of one thing into another
illision the act of striking against something
illocution an act which is performed by speaking words
illude to trick
illuminism belief in an inward spiritual light
illusionism belief that the external world is philosophy
illutation mud bath
illuvium material dissolved in water and deposited in layers
imagism doctrine of use of precise images with unrestricted subject
imago idealized mental image of a person
imbibition the absorption of a liquid by a solid or gel
imbreviate to enroll
imbricate to lay overlapping one another
imbroglio confusing or disturbing situation; confused mass or heap
imbrue to wet or moisten
imbrute to degrade to the state of a brute
imburse to put in a purse; to pay
immanation flowing in
immanent inherent; permanently pervading the universe
immanentism belief in an immanent or permanent god
immarcescible unfading; imperishable
immaterialism the doctrine that there is no material substance
immeability state of being impassable or impermeable
immerge to immerse; to dip into water
immeritous undeserving
imminution lessening; decreasing
immiseration progressive impoverishment or degradation
immission insertion; infusion
immix to commingle
immoralism rejection of morality
immortelle everlasting dried flower
immunifacient causing immunity
immunogenetics study of genetic characteristics of immunity
immunogenic producing an immune response
immunopathology study of immunity to disease
immure to imprison; to shut in
impacable not able to be quieted or appeased
impanate embodied in bread
imparidigitate having an odd number of fingers on each limb
imparlance delay in pleading for amicable adjustment
impaste to lay paint or colours thickly on
impavid fearless; undaunted
impecunious without money; penniless
impedimenta things that impede; baggage
impedimentary hindering; obstructing
impennate featherless; wingless
imperscriptible not recorded; unwritten
imperseverant lacking the power to perceive
impest to infest with plague or pestilence
impetrate to obtain by entreaty, request or prayer
impignorate to pledge, pawn or mortgage
impleach to intertwine
impletion filling; fullness; fulfilment
implex not simple; involved; complicated
implodent an implosive sound
implumous without feathers
imponent that which imposes an obligation
importune to press or urge with repeated requests
impostume abscess
imprecate to call down by prayer; to curse; to invoke evil on
imprescriptible inalienable
imprest a loan or advance of money
imprimatur licence to print a book
imprimis in the first place
imprimitive not primitive
impropriate to appropriate for private use
improvident lacking foresight; thoughtless
impudicity shamelessness
impugn to oppose; to attack by words or arguments
imputation attribution of fault to
imsonic onomatopoetic
inaniloquent prone to foolish or empty babbling
inanition emptiness; starvation
inappetent lacking desire or appetite
inapt unfit or unqualified
inaurate gilded; golden
inbeing inherence; inherent existence
inboard inside the line of a ship's bulwarks or hull
incalescent growing warm
incanous covered with soft white hair
incardination acceptance by a diocese of clergyman from another diocese
incarnadine carnation-coloured; blood-red
incatenation harnessing; chaining together
incede to advance majestically
incendivity the power of causing ignition
incentivize to be given an incentive
incept to take into the body; ingest
inceptive marking the beginning or formation
inchoate undeveloped; just begun
incipient beginning; in an early stage
incivism neglect of duty as a citizen
inclinometer instrument for measuring inclination to the horizontal of an axis
incommiscible unable to be mixed or intermingled
incommode to cause trouble or inconvenience to
incommutable that cannot be commuted or exchanged
incompossible incapable of coexisting
inconcinnity lack of congruousness or proportion
incondite not well put together; poorly constructed
inconscient unconscious; abstracted
incoronate crowned
incorpse to incorporate
incrassate to thicken
increscent waxing
incubus nightmare; burden
inculcate implant in by persistent urging
inculpate to blame; to incriminate
incult uncultivated; coarse
incunabulist one who collects early books
incunabulum early printed book; early version of a thing
incuse impressed or stamped upon
indagate to search out; to investigate
indehiscent not opening when mature
indicia indicating marks or symptoms
indifferentism the belief that all religions are equally valid
indigence poverty; state of being needy
indign unworthy; disgraceful; unseemly
indigo deep blue-violet colour; a blue-violet dye
indiscerptible not able to be separated
indite to compose
individualism belief that individual interests and rights are paramount
indoles inherent disposition
induciae peace treaty or armistice
indue to supply; to endow
indulgence former Catholic pardon granted for remission of punishment for sins
indult special temporary dispensation granted by the Catholic church
indumentum total body covering of hair, fur or feathers
indurate to make hard, callous or unfeeling
induviae withered leaves which persist on plants
indwell to exist within as a guiding force
ineluctable against which it is useless to struggle
inescatory of, like or pertaining to baiting; adapted to bait
inesculent inedible
inessive indicating location within
ineunt entering
inexpiable that which cannot be expiated or atoned for
inexpugnable not able to be attacked or captured
infandous unmentionable
infantocracy government by an infant
infarction tissue dying due to lack of blood flow
infaust unlucky; ill-omened
infelicitous inappropriate in application or expression
inferiae offerings to the spirits of the dead
inficete not facetious; rudely jesting
inflorescence process of producing flowers; flowering
infomania excessive devotion to accumulating facts
infra below; later in a text
infrangible not able to be broken or violated
infructuous not fruitful
infumate smoky; blackened
infundibuliform having the form or shape of a funnel or cone
infuscate clouded or tinged with brown; obscured; cloudy brown colour
ingannation deception
ingate inlet for molten metal in founding
ingeminate to reiterate; to redouble
ingerence intrusion; interference
ingle a fire in a room; a fireplace
inglenook alcove by a large open fire
ingluvies a crop or craw of birds
ingravescent becoming more severe
ingression pronounced with inhalation rather than exhalation
inguinal of, like or pertaining to the groin
ingurgitate to swallow; to guzzle
inhaust to drink in
inhere be inherent
inhumation burial; act of depositing in the ground
inhumist referring to a society that burns its dead
inimical hostile; harmful
iniquity wickedness; gross injustice
inkhorn portable case for ink
inkhornism pedantic word or expression
inlagation pardoning of an outlaw
inlapidate to petrify
inly inwardly; thoroughly
innitency state of leaning or resting upon something
innominate having no name
innoxious harmless
inoperculate without an operculum or lid
inopinate not thought of; unexpected
inosculate to join together with ducts or openings; to blend or combine
inquiline living with another; dwelling in another creature's lair
inquinate to corrupt or defile
inquirendo authority to inquire into something
inquisiturient eager to act as an inquisitor
inquorate not making up a quorum
inscenation staging; setting
inscient having little or no knowledge
insculp to engrave, to cut or carve from something
insectifuge insect repellent
insectivorous eating insects
insectology study of insects
insessorial adapted for perching
insidiate to conspire against; to betray
insipience lack of wisdom; stupidity
insolate to treat by exposure to the sun's rays
insouciance indifference; apathy
insouciant lighthearted and unconcerned
inspan to bring or force into service
inspissate to thicken or condense
instauration restoration; renewal
institorial of, like or pertaining to an agent or factor
instructive indicating means whereby
instrumental indicating means by which
instrumentalism doctrine that ideas are instruments of action
insufflate to disseminate by blowing; to breathe upon
insulse lacking wit; dull; stupid; insipid
intaglio a figure engraved into a gem or another substance
integument an external covering or coating
intellection act of thinking; exercise of the intellect
intellectualism belief that all knowledge is derived from reason
intemerate pure; undefiled
intempestive unseasonable; untimely; inopportune
intenerate to make tender; to soften
intenible not capable of holding or retaining
interactionism belief that mind and body act on each other
interamnian between two rivers
intercalary interpolated; inserted between other things
intercalation interpolation; insertion between others
interciliary between the eyebrows
intercipient intercepting
interclude to block; to enclose; to cut off
intercolline lying between hills
intercostal between the ribs
intercrural within or pertaining to the area between the legs
interdigitate to interlock in the manner of locked fingers
interdine to eat together
interfenestration spacing of windows
interferometer instrument for analysing spectra of light
interfluve area between two rivers that flow in the same direction
intergrade to merge or shade by means of intermediate steps
interim meanwhile
interjacent intervening; situated between two things
interjaculate to ejaculate in interruption
interlaminate to insert between layers
interlocutor one who converses; interpreter; participant in conversation
interlucation thinning of a forest to let some light in
interlunation dark time between old moon and new
intermure to wall in
internecine causing (mutual) destruction
internuncio messenger between two parties; low-ranking papal legate
interosculant possessing attributes common to different groups
interpellation question raised during the course of debate
interpilaster space between two pilasters
interpunction insertion of punctuation marks in writing
interramification interweaving of branches
interrex one who rules during an interregnum; regent
interscribe to write between
intersidereal between stars
interstitial of, like or pertaining to the space between things
intertesselation complex interrelationship
intertie short timber binding together upright posts
intertrigo skin rash due to friction of two moist surfaces
intervallum between the ramparts
intervolve to roll up or entwine with one another
intinction administering communion by dipping bread into wine
intitule to endow or furnish with a title
intorted twisted inwards; involved
intrados undersurface of an arch or vault
intrant entering; penetrating
introessive indicating motion into
introit psalm or hymn sung at beginning of church service
intromit to introduce; to admit; to insert
introrse turned or facing inward
introspectionism doctrine that knowledge of mind must derive from introspection
intuitionism belief that the perception of truth is by intuition
intumesce to enlarge; to swell; to bubble
intussusception movement of one part of a thing into another
inumbrate to cast a shadow upon; to shade
inunction anointing, smearing or rubbing with ointment
inurbanity lack of manners or deportment; incivility
inusitation disuse; disrepair
inustion burning in; cauterization
invaginate to sheathe; to draw in; to enfold
inveigh to make an attack in speech or writing
inveigle to entice; to wheedle
invenit invented it
inverecund shameless; unabashed
inveterate long-established; confirmed
invictive insurmountable; undefeatable
invidious likely to excite indignation against the performer
invination presence of Christ's blood in sanctified wine
inviscate to entrap with sticky material
invitatory psalm or anthem sung before prayer during church service
invultuation the making of an image for use in witchcraft
ipseity selfhood; state of being oneself
iracund inclined to become angry
iracundulous somewhat inclined to become angry
irascent becoming enraged or angry
irenic conducive to or working towards peace
irenology the study of peace
iridian having or suggestive of the colours of a rainbow
iridic of, like or pertaining to the iris of the eye
iridize to make iridescent
iridology study of iris
iriscope instrument for exhibiting the prismatic colours
irradicate to fix firmly
irrecusable that cannot be rejected
irredentism advocating restoration of territory to a nation
irrefragable that cannot be refuted; unanswerable
irrefrangible incapable of refraction
irremeable which cannot be returned; irrevocable
irriguous watered; wet; irrigating
irrision the act of laughing at another
irrisory mocking; derisive
irroration watering a plant with discharge of a sick person
irruption breaking or bursting in
isabelline greyish yellow
isabnormal line connecting points of equal deviation from mean temperature
isacoustic line connecting points of equal acoustic quality
isagoge academic introduction to a subject
isagogic introductory
isallobar line connecting points of equal change in barometric pressure
isanemone line connecting points on map having same wind velocity
isapostolic equal to or contemporary with the apostles
isatis Arctic fox
ischaemia lack of blood in a part of the body due to an obstruction
ischiatic of or pertaining to the ischium or hip
ischiorrhogic of an iambic line, having spondees in the second, fourth or sixth place
ischuretic diuretic
ischuria retention of urine
iseidomal line connecting points of equal visibility of a spectacle
isentropic line connecting points of equal entropy
ishan prehistoric Iraqi mound
ishies hip-joints
ising meat sausage
isinglass firm semitransparent substance used to make jellies
islandic of or pertaining to an island
islesman inhabitant of a group of islands
islomania craze or obsession for islands
ismatic addicted to "isms" or faddish theories
isness the fact of being; essence
isobar line connecting points of same atmospheric pressure
isobase line connecting points of equal land upheaval
isobath line connecting points of equal underwater depth
isobathytherm line connecting points of equal temperature and depth underground
isobront line connecting points of simultaneous storm development
isocephaly arrangement of figures in art so that their heads are at the same height
isochar line connecting points of similar distinguishing characteristics of plant life
isochasm line connecting points of equal frequency of aurorae
isocheim line connecting points of same average winter temperature
isochlor line connecting points of equal chlorine concentration
isochor line connecting points of varying conditions under constant volume
isochrone line connecting points of equal time difference or simultaneous occurrence
isochronous having the same duration; recurring at equal intervals
isochroous having a uniform colour
isoclinal line connecting points of same magnetic dip
isocracy equal political power
isocryme line connecting points of equal winter temperature
isodiabatic having equal transmission of heat
isodose line connecting points that receive equal doses of radiation
isodynamic line connecting points of equal magnetic intensity
isoflor line connecting points of equal number of plant species
isogam line connecting points of equal acceleration due to gravity
isogen line connecting points of equal birthrates
isogeny sameness or similarity of origin
isogeotherm line connecting points of equal subterranean temperature
isogloss line connecting points of similar regional dialect
isoglossal having similar speech patterns or language
isogonal line connecting points of equal magnetic declination
isogonal having equal angles
isograd line connecting points of similar conditions during geological metamorphism
isogram line connecting points on a map having some similar feature
isograph line connecting points of same linguistic usage in some respect
isohaline line connecting points of equal salinity
isohalsine line connecting points of equal ocean salinity
isohel line connecting points of equal sunlight
isohyet line connecting points of equal rainfall
isokeraunic line connecting points of equal occurrence of thunderstorms
isolex line connecting points of same vocabulary usage
isoline line connecting points on a map having some similar feature
isomagnetic line connecting points of equal magnetic induction
isometric line connecting points of equal variations of pressure
isomorph line connecting points of same linguistic morphological forms
isonephelic line connecting points of equal cloud cover
isonomy equal law; rights or privileges
isonym word having the same derivation or form as another
isopach line connecting points of equal thickness of geological strata
isophene line connecting points of the same phenotype or seasonal variation
isophote line connecting points of equal light intensity from a given source
isopiestic line connecting points of equal pressure but varying temperature and volume
isopiptesis line connecting points of same arrival date of migratory species
isopleth line connecting points of equal aspect of climate
isopolity reciprocity of rights of citizenship in two communities
isopor line connecting points of equal annual change in magnetic field
isopsephic equal in number
isopycnic line connecting points of equal density
isorithm line connecting points of equal population density
isorropic of equal value
isoseismal line connecting points of same earthquake intensity
isostasy condition of equilibrium in the earth's crust
isostere line connecting points of equal specific volume of a substance
isotac line joining points where the ice melts at the same time of year
isotach line connecting points of the same wind speed
isothere line connecting points of equal summer temperature
isotherm line connecting points of equal temperature
isothermobath line connecting points of equal temperature at a given ocean depth
isotherombrose line connecting points of equal ratio of summer rainfall to annual rainfall
isotropic having the same properties in every direction
isovol line connecting points of equal ratio of fixed to volatile carbon in coal
issles sparks; embers
issuant issuing from; in heraldry, emerging from the bottom of a chief
ist one who holds to an 'ism'
isthmian living on or situated on an isthmus
isthmoid resembling an isthmus
istle coarse tough Central American fibre used to make cords and nets
itacism pronunciation of the Greek letter eta as 'ee'
itai-itai disease caused by cadmium poisoning and resulting in back pain
Italiot person of Greek descent dwelling in ancient Italy
Italomania obsession with Italy or Italians
item likewise; also
iter circuit; path; road or line of travel
iterant repeating; echoing
iteration repetition
iterum again; afresh; anew
ithomiid tropical South American butterfly
ithyphallic indecent; immoral
itinerarian traveller
itinerarily in the course of wandering
ition the action of going
itis bodily condition or disease
iulan of the first growth of the beard
iulus millipede
ivi Tahitian chestnut tree
ivoride imitation ivory
ivorine white and smooth like ivory
ivorist one who carves ivory professionally
ivresse drunkenness
iwis surely; certainly
ixia South African beautiful flowering plant
ixiodic of, like or pertaining to ticks
ixora tropical evergreen shrub with white flowers
izard goatlike antelope found in the Pyrenees
izzard archaic name for the letter Z
izzat public esteem; honour


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