The Phrontistery




Paleolithic Notation Bibliography

The following bibliography lists over 400 academic articles, books, dissertations, and related publications (excluding book reviews and non-academic material) that discuss or evaluate the theory that some Paleolithic (primarily European Upper Paleolithic) artifacts contain non-representational graphic marks that served as tallies, calendars, astronomical notations, numerals, or other mnemonic devices. While controversial, this theory (most closely associated with the work of the late Alexander Marshack) has achieved considerable acceptance among archaeologists, although the exact function of these artifacts has yet to be ascertained. The publications in this bibliography date from 1865 to 2008, and new material is regularly being published, expanding the literature on the subject. Please contact me if you know of additional resources that should be included.

This bibliography is a collaborative piece of research conducted in the context of a senior undergraduate course at McGill University, Archaeological Methods, under my instructorship (Methods). As no prior bibliography on this subject exists, my hope is that our research may allow others to pursue more thorough research on this fascinating subject. In addition to myself (Stephen Chrisomalis), the following student-scholars contributed to the bibliography: Lisa Zimanyi, Yujing Wang, Alison Vadnais, Katherine Tong, Anna Titcomb, Julien Shoenfeld, Valeria Rytova, Liz Penttila, Sol Klein, Emma Johnson, Karla Heath, Dario Guiducci, David Groves, Claudine Gravel Miguel, Emma Chait, and Lars Anderson.

  1. Abadía, O.M. & M.R.G. Morales. 2004. Towards a genealogy of the concept of 'Paleolithic mobiliary art'. Journal of Anthropological Research 60(3): 321-39.
  2. Abramova, Zoja A. 1967. Paleolithic art in the USSR. Arctic Anthropology 4(2): 1-179.
  3. Absolon, Karl. 1957. Dokumente und Beweise der Fähigkeiten des fossilen Menschen zu zählen im mährischen Paläolithikum. Artibus Asiae 20(2/3): 123-150.
  4. Anati, E. 1968. Anatolia's earliest art. Archaeology 21(1): 22-35.
  5. Aveni, Anthony. 2002. Empires of time: calendars, clocks, and cultures. Revised edition. Boulder, CO: University of Colorado Press.
  6. Bahn, Paul G. 1989. Getting into the groove. Nature 339: 429-30.
  7. Bahn, Paul G. 1996. New developments in Pleistocene art. Evolutionary Anthropology 4: 204-215.
  8. Bahn, Paul G. and Jean Vertut. 1988. Images of the Ice Age. London: Windward.
  9. Baity, Elizabeth Chesley. 1973. Archaeoastronomy and ethnoastronomy so far. Current Anthropology 14(4): 389-449.
  10. Balout, L. et al. 1970. Débat sur les problèmes généraux. Valcamonica Symposium: Actes du Symposium international d'art préhistorique, edited by E. Anati: 539-47. Edizioni del Centro.
  11. Barandiaran, Ignacio. 1971. Hueso con grabados paleolíticos, en Torre (Oyarzun, Guipúzcoa). Munibe 23(1): 37-69.
  12. Barton, C. Michael and Clark, G. A. and Cohen, Allison E. 1994. Art as Information: Explaining Upper Palaeolithic Art in Western Europe. World Archaeology 26(2): 185-207.
  13. Bar-Yosef, Ofer and Anna Belfer-Cohen. 1999. Encoding information: Unique Natufian objects from Hayonim Cave, Western Galilee, Israel. Antiquity 73 (280): 402-410.
  14. Bar-Yosef, Ofer. 2002. The Upper Paleolithic Revolution. Annual Review of Anthropology 31: 363-393.
  15. Bataille, Georges. 1955. Lascaux or the birth of art. New York: Skira.
  16. Baudouin, Marcel. 1916. La préhistoire des étoiles au Paléolithique: Les Pleiades a l'époque aurignacienne et le culte stello-solaire typique au solutréen', Bulletin et Memoires de la Société d'Anthropologie de Paris, ser. 6, 7: 274-317.
  17. Baudouin, Marcel. 1916. Les Pleiades au Neolithique. Bulletin et Memoriores de la Societe D'anthropologie de Paris 7 :25-103
  18. Baudouin, Marcel. 1926. La préhistoire par les étoiles: un chronomètre préhistorique. Paris: Maloine.
  19. Bednarik, Robert G. 1984. Die Bedeutung der palaolithischen Fingerlinientradition. Anthropologie 22:73-79.
  20. Bednarik, Robert G. 1988. Comment on D. Mania and U. Mania, 'Deliberate engravings on bone artefacts of Homo erectus'. Rock Art Research 5: 96-100.
  21. Bednarik, Robert G. 1990. An Acheulian haematite pebble with striations. Rock Art Research 7: 75.
  22. Bednarik, Robert G. 1990-91. Epistemology in palaeoart studies. Origini 15: 57-78.
  23. Bednarik, Robert G. 1992. A Basis for Advanced Studies of Early Art. Anthropologie 96 (2-3):369-374.
  24. Bednarik, Robert G. 1992. Natural line markings on Palaeolithic objects, Anthropologie 30(3): 233-240.
  25. Bednarik, Robert G. 1992. Palaeoart and archaeological myths. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 2(1): 27-43.
  26. Bednarik, Robert G. 1993. European Paleolithic art: typical or exceptional? Oxford Journal of Archaeology 12(1): 1-8.
  27. Bednarik, Robert G. 1994. A Taphonomy of Palaeoart. Antiquity 68(258): 68-75.
  28. Bednarik, Robert G. 1994. Art Origins. Anthropos 89(1-3): 169-80.
  29. Bednarik, Robert G. 1994. On the scientific study of palaeoart. Semiotica 100(2-4): 141-168.
  30. Bednarik, Robert G. 1994. The discrimination of rock markings. Rock Art Research 11: 23-44.
  31. Bednarik, Robert G. 1995. Concept-Mediated Marking in the Lower Palaeolithic. Current Anthropology 36(4): 605-634.
  32. Bednarik, Robert G. 1997. The global evidence of early human symboling behaviour. Human Evolution 12: 147-168.
  33. Berghaus, Gunter. 2004. New perspectives on prehistoric art. Westport: Praeger.
  34. Bicho, Nuno, Antonio F. Carvalho, Cesar González-Sainz, Jose Luis Sanchidrián, Valentín Villaverde and Lawrence G. Straus. 2007. The Upper Paleolithic Rock Art of Iberia. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 14(1): 81-151.
  35. Blumenschine, R.J. et al. 1996. Blind tests on inter-analyst correspondence and accuracy in the identification of cut marks, percussion marks, and carnivore tooth marks on bone surfaces. Journal of Archaeological Science 23: 493-507
  36. Boboeuf M. 1996. Le galet gravé du locus 1 de Roquemissou (Aveyron) dans son contexte épipaléolithique, L'Anthropologie 100 (1): 236-243
  37. Bogoshi, Jonas, Kevin Naidoo and John Webb. 1987. The oldest mathematical artifact. The Mathematical Gazette 71: 294.
  38. Bordes, François. 1969. Os percé moustérien et os gravé acheuléen du Pech de l'Azé II. Quaternaria 11: 1-5.
  39. Bordes, François. 1972. A tale of two caves. New York: Harper & Row.
  40. Boroneant, Vasile and Boris A. Frolov. 1979. On upper paleolithic symbol systems. Current anthropology 20(3): 604-8.
  41. Bosinski, Gerhard, Francesco d'Errico, and Petra Schiller. 2001. Die gravierten Frauendarstellungen von Gönnersdorf. Stuttgart: Steiner.
  42. Bouchud, J. 1968. Les Paléolithiques connaissent-ils le cycle lunaire? L'Anthropologie 72(1-2): 193-195.
  43. Bouissac, P. 1993. Beyond Style: Steps toward a Semiotic Hypothesis. In Rock Art Studies: The Post Stylistic Era or Where do we go from here? ed. M. Lorblanchet and P. Bahn. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
  44. Bourdier, Frank. 1960. Observations et hypotheses sur la signification de l'Art Paleolithique. Bulletin de la Societe Prehistorique francais LVII : 133-135.
  45. Bower, Bruce. 1990. Ancient Symbols Surface on Israeli Pebble. Science News 137(23): 357.
  46. Breuil, Henri and H. Obermaier. 1935. The cave of Altamira at Santillana del Mar. Madrid: Junta de las Cuevas de Altamira.
  47. Breuil, Henri. 1909. Le bison et le taureau celeste chaldeen. Revue Archeologique I:250-254.
  48. Breuil, Henri. 1913. Les subdivisions du paléolithique et leur signification. Compte Rendu du Congrès International d'Anthropologie et Archéologie Préhistorique 14: 165-238.
  49. Breuil, Henri. 1952. Four hundred centuries of cave art, trans. M.E. Boyle. Dordogne: Montignac.
  50. Bricker, Harvey M. 1976. Upper Palaeolithic archaeology. Annual Review of Anthropology 5: 133-148.
  51. Bromage, T.G. 1984. Interpretation of Scanning Electron Microscopic Images of Abraded Forming Bone Surfaces. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 64: 161-178.
  52. Brooks, A. S., and C. C. Smith. 1987. Ishango revisited: New age determinations and cultural interpretations. African Archaeological Review 5:65-78.
  53. Brown, Peter Lancaster. 1976. Megaliths, myths, and men: an introduction to astro-archaeology. New York: Taplinger.
  54. Brumm, A. and Moore, M.W. 2005. Symbolic revolutions and the Australian archaeological record. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 15 (2):157-175.
  55. Brumm, Adam, Nicole Boivin, and Richard Fullagar. 2006. Signs of life: Engraved stone artef acts from Neolithic South India. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 16 (2): 165-190.
  56. Bullington, J. and S. R. Leigh. 2002. Rock art revisited. Science 296(5567):468.
  57. Bunt, Lucas N.H., Phillip S. Jones, and Jack D. Bedient. 1976. The Historical Roots of Elementary Mathematics. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
  58. Byers, Martin. 1994. Symboling and the Middle-Upper Paleolithic Transition - A Theoretical and Methodological Critique. Current Anthropology 35(4): 369-400.
  59. Byers, Martin. 2001. A pragmatic view of the emergence of Paleolithic symbol using. In In the mind's eye: multidisciplinary approaches to the evolution of human cognition, ed. April Nowell, 50-62. International Monographs in Prehistory, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
  60. Cacho, Carmen, Sergio Ripoll López and Luciano J. Municio González. 2001. L'art mobilier d'Estebanvela. In Les premiers hommes modernes de la Péninsule Ibérique: actes du Colloque de la Commission VIII de l'UISPP, ed. João Zilhão, Thierry Aubry, and António Faustino Carvalho, Trabalhos d'Arqueologia 17: 175-182.
  61. Cain, Chester R. 2004. Notched, flaked and ground bone artefacts from middle stone age and iron age layers of Sibudu Cave, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. South African Journal Of Science 100 (3-4): 195-197.
  62. Cain, Chester R. 2006. Implications of the marked artifacts of the Middle Stone Age of Africa. Current Anthropology 47 (4): 675-681.
  63. Campbell, John. 1977. The Upper Palaeolithic of Britain: a study of man and nature in the late Ice Age. Oxford: Clarendon.
  64. Caralp, E., L-R. Nougier and R. Robert. 1973. Le theme du 'mammifère aux poissons' dans l'art Magdalénien. Préhistoire Ariègoise 28: 11-23.
  65. Cardini, Luigi. 1942. Nuovi Documenti sull'Antichita dell Uomo Italia. Reperto Umano del Paleolitico Superior nella i Grotta delle Arene Candide, Razza e Civilita a anno III 23(1-4)
  66. Cerdeño, Luisa, Gracia Rodríguez-Caderot, Pedro R. Moya, Ana Ibarra, Silvia Herrero. 2006. Los estudios de arqueoastronomía en España: estado de la cuestión. Trabajos de Prehistoria. 63(2): 13-34.
  67. Charles, R. 1991. Note sur la découverte de nouvelles incisions rythmiques du Paléolithique supérieur provénant de Gough's Cave, Somerset, Angleterre. Bulletin de la Société Préhistorique Francaise 88: 45-48.
  68. Chase, Philip G. 1991. Symbols and Paleolithic Artifacts - Style, Standardization and the Imposition of Arbitrary Form. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 10(3): 193-214.
  69. Chase, Philip G., and Harold L. Dibble. 1987. Middle Paleolithic symbolism: A review of current evidence and interpretations. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 6:263-96.
  70. Chauvet, 1910. Os, ivoires et bois de renne ouvrés de la Charente. Bulletin de la Société Archéologique et Historique de la Charente.
  71. Chollot, M. 1964. Collection Piette, Musée des Antiquités Nationales. Paris.
  72. Chollot-Varagnac, M. 1980. Les origines du graphisme symbolique: Essai d'analyse des écritures primitives en préhistoire. Paris: Fondation Singer-Polignac.
  73. Clottes, Jean, and Henri Delporte. 2003. La Grotte de la Vache (Arie`ge) fouilles Romain Robert. Paris.
  74. Combier, J. 1976. Solutré. In Livret-guide de l'excursion A8, Bassin du Rhône. Nice: IX Congrès UISPP, 11-117.
  75. Congregado, L. A. 1991. Arte y Astronomica: evolucion de los dibujos de las constelaciones. Tesis Doctoral presentada en la Facultad de Bellas Artes de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid.
  76. Conkey, Margaret W. 1987. New Approaches in the Search for Meaning? A Review of Research in "Paleolithic Art". Journal of Field Archaeology, Vol. 14, No. 4. (Winter, 1987), pp. 413-430.
  77. Conkey, Margaret W. 1996. A history of the interpretation of European 'palaeolithic art': magic, mythogram, and metaphors for modernity. In Handbook of Human Symbolic Evolution, ed. Andrew Lock and Charles R. Peters, 288-349. Oxford: Blackwell.
  78. Coolidge, Frederick L. and Thomas Wynn. 2005. Working memory, its executive functions, and the emergence of modern thinking. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 15 (1): 5-26.
  79. Corchon Rodriguez, S. 1986. El arte mueble paleolitico cantabrico: contexto y analisis interno. Santander: Ministerio de Cultura, Centro de investigacion y Museo de Altamira.
  80. Couch, Carl J. 1989. Oral Technologies: a cornerstone of ancient civilizations? The Sociological Quarterly 30(4): 587-602.
  81. Couraud, C. 1980. Numérotations et rythmes préhistoriques. La Recherche 109: 356-358.
  82. Couraud, C. 1985. L'art azilien: origine-survivance. Paris: CNRS.
  83. Couraud, C. and M. Lorblanchet. 1986. Les galets aziliens de l'abri Pagès et l'art azilien en Quercy. Préhistoire Quercy-noise 2: 5-37.
  84. Courty, Georges. 1928. L'écriture paléolithique. L'Homme Préhistorique 15: 236-240.
  85. Cowan, H.J.K. and Alexander Marshack. 1975. More on upper paleolithic engraving. Current Anthropology 16(2): 297-8.
  86. Crémades, Michéle, H. Leville, N. Sirakov and J. K. Kozlowski. 1995. Une pierre gravée de 50 000 ans B.P. dans les Balkans. Palaeo 7: 201-209.
  87. Crémades, Michéle. 1991. De l'analyse technologique á la signification de l'art mobilier gravé du Paléolithique supérieur. Revue d'Archéométrie 15: 5-16.
  88. Crémades, Michéle. 1992. Analyse et reconstitution technologiques en art mobilier paléolithique. L'exemple du glouton gravé sur báton perforé de La Madeleine (Dordogne). L'Anthropologie 96: 319-336.
  89. Crémades, Michéle. 1994. L'art mobilier paléolithique: analyse des procédés technologiques. Complutum 5: 369-384
  90. Cremades, Michele. 1997. The Representation of Seasonal Variations in Paleolithic Art. Anthropologie 87(1): 83-97.
  91. Crossley, John J. 1987. The Emergence of Number. Singapore: World Scientific.
  92. Currie, G. 2004. The Representational Revolution. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 62(2): 119-28.
  93. Dalmeri, G. 1985. L'arte mobiliare dell'abitato tardopaleolitico-mesolitico di Terlago (Trento). Preistoria Alpina 21: 21-31.
  94. Davidson, Iain and William Noble. 1989. The Archaeology Of Perception - Traces Of Depiction And Language. Current Anthropology 30 (2): 125-155.
  95. Davidson, Iain. 1990. Bilzingsleben and early marking. Rock Art Research. 7: 52-56.
  96. Davis, S.J.M. 1974. Incised bones from the Mousterian of Kebara Cave (Mount Carmel) and the Aurignacian of Ha-Yonim Cave (Western Galilee), Israel. Paléorient 2: 181-182.
  97. Davis, Whitney. 1986. The Origins of Image Making. Current Anthropology, 27(3): 193-215.
  98. Davis, Whitney. 1987. Replication and depiction in Paleolithic art. Representations 19: 111-147.
  99. de Heinzelin, Jean. 1957. Les fouilles d'Ishango. Exploration du Parc National Albert (Fasc. 2). Brussels: Institut des Parcs Nationaux du Congo Belge.
  100. de Heinzelin, Jean. 1962. Ishango. Scientific American 206(6): 105-116.
  101. de Laguna, Frederika. 1933. A Comparison of Eskimo and Palaeolithic Art. Part II. Non-Representative Art. American Journal of Archaeology 37(1): 77-107.
  102. Dehaene, Stanislas. 1997. The number sense: How the mind creates mathematics. New York: Oxford University Press.
  103. Delluc, B. and G. Delluc. 1993. Images de la main dans notre préhistoire. Les Dossiers d'Archéologie 178: 32-45.
  104. d'Errico, Francesco and A. Thévenin. 1989. La notion de temps au Paléolithique et le problème des calendriers lunaires. In Les Temps de la Préhistoire, ed. J-P. Mohen, vol. I, 46-47.
  105. d'Errico, Francesco and Carmen Cacho. 1994. Notation Versus Decoration In The Upper Paleolithic - A Case-Study From Tossal-De-La-Roca, Alicante, Spain. Journal Of Archaeological Science 21 (2): 185-200.
  106. d'Errico, Francesco and Christopher Henshilwood. 2007. Additional evidence for bone technology in the southern African Middle Stone Age. Journal of Human Evolution 52(2): 142-163.
  107. d'Errico, Francesco and G. Giacobini. 1988. L'apport des études des surfaces pour l'interprétation des modifications sur l'os au Paléolithique moyen. In L'Homme de Néandertal, Vol. 4: La technique, ed. M. Otte, 39-47. Études et Recherches Archéologiques de l'Université de Liège 31, Liège.
  108. d'Errico, Francesco and G. Giacobini. 1989. Modificazioni naturali e artificiali delle superfici ossee: problematiche, metodologie e risultati archeologici. Atti della XXVII Riunione dell'Istituto Italiano di Preistoria e Protostoria. Ferrara: 165-169.
  109. d'Errico, Francesco and Gnesutta, P.U. 1999. L'art mobilier épigravettien de la grotte de Settecannelle (Viterbo, Italie). Contexte archéologique, analyse technique et stylistique. Anthropologie 103(1): 121-160.
  110. d'Errico, Francesco and P. Villa. 1998. Nouvelle analyse des os gravés et perforés du paléolithique inférieur et moyen. Implications pour l'origine de la pensée symbolique. Paléo 10: 265-285.
  111. d'Errico, Francesco and Paola Villa. 1997. Holes and grooves: The contribution of microscopy and taphonomy to the problem of art origins. Journal Of Human Evolution 33 (1): 1-31.
  112. d'Errico, Francesco and Vanhaeren, Marian. 1999. Les methodes d'analyse de l'art mobilier paleolithique. Quelques exemples issus de la region cantabrique. Anthropologie et Prehistoire 110: 31-45.
  113. d'Errico, Francesco, Christopher Henshilwood; Lawson, G; Vanhaeren, M; Tillier, AM; Soressi, M; Bresson, F; Maureille, B; Nowell, A; Lakarra, J; Backwell, L; Julien, M. 2003. Archaeological evidence for the emergence of language, symbolism, and music - An alternative multidisciplinary perspective. Journal Of World Prehistory 17 (1): 1-70.
  114. d'Errico, Francesco. 1987. Nouveaux indices et nouvelles techniques microscopiques pour la lecture de l'art gravé mobilier. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie Scientifique de Paris ser. 11, 304: 761-764.
  115. d'Errico, Francesco. 1988. Lecture technologique de l'art mobilier gravé. Nouvelles méthodes et premiers résultats sur les galets gravés de Rochedane. L'Anthropologie 92 (1), 101-121.
  116. d'Errico, Francesco. 1988. New observations on two flint pieces and a bone object in Vallonnet cave (Maritime Alps). L'Anthropologie 92:615-627.
  117. d'Errico, Francesco. 1988. Study of Upper Paleolithic and Epipaleolithic engraved pebbles. In Scanning Electron Microscopy in Archaeology, ed. S.L.Olsen, 169-184. BAR International Series 452. Oxford: BAR.
  118. d'Errico, Francesco. 1989. Memoire et rythmes au Paléolithique: le mythe des calendriers lunaires. In Hominidae: Proceedings of the Second International Congress of Human Paleontology, ed. Giacomo Giacobini, 507-510. Milan: Jaca.
  119. d'Errico, Francesco. 1989. Palaeolithic lunar calendars: a case of wishful thinking? Current Anthropology 30(1): 117-118.
  120. d'Errico, Francesco. 1991. Dal tratto inciso al gesto, dal gesto al significato. L'analisi tecnologica dell'arte mobiliare preistorica. Principi, metodi, prospettive di ricerca. Atti XXVIII Riunione Scientifica dell'Istituto Italiano di Preistoria e Protostoria.
  121. d'Errico, Francesco. 1991. Étude technologique à base expérimentale des entailles sur matière dure animale. Implications pour l'identification des systèmes de notation. In 25 ans d'Études technologiques en préhistoire, Actes de XIe Rencontres Internationales d'Archéologie et d'Histoire d'Antibes/Juan-les-Pins 1990, 83-97. Paris.
  122. d'Errico, Francesco. 1991. La signification des galets gravés aziliens et le mythe des calendriers lunaires préhistoriques. Annales de la Fondation Fyssen 5/6: 63-73.
  123. d'Errico, Francesco. 1991. Microscopic and statistical criteria for the identification of prehistoric systems of notation. Rock Art Research 8(2): 83-93.
  124. d'Errico, Francesco. 1992. A reply to Alexander Marshack. Rock Art Research 9(1): 59-64.
  125. d'Errico, Francesco. 1992. Technology, motion, and the meaning of Epipaleolithic art. Current Anthropology 33(1): 94-109.
  126. d'Errico, Francesco. 1992. The study of engraved notches and their statistical analysis. Rock Art Research 9(2): 131-132.
  127. d'Errico, Francesco. 1993. Analyse technologique de l'art mobilier: le cas de l'abri des Cabônes à Ranchot (Jura). Galla Préhistoire 35: 139-176.
  128. d'Errico, Francesco. 1994. L'art gravé azilien. De la technique à la signification. XXXIème Supplément à Gallia-Préhistoire. Paris: CNRS Editions.
  129. d'Errico, Francesco. 1995. A new model and its implications for the origin of writing:the La Marche antler revisited. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 5(2):163-206.
  130. d'Errico, Francesco. 1995. L'art gravé trouvé par la fouille Breuil-Dubalen. In Les derniers chasseurs de rennes du monde pyrénéen: L'abri Dufaure : un gisement tardiglaciaire en Gascogne, ed. Lawrence G. Straus, 253-260. Paris: Mémoires de la Société Préhistorique Française.
  131. d'Errico, Francesco. 1995. Le galet gravé de la Balma de la Margineda: analyse technologique. In Les excavacions a la Balma de la Margineda. eds. J. Guilaine and M. Marztluff, 178-184. Andorra: Edicions del Govern d'Andorra.
  132. d'Errico, Francesco. 1996. Image analysis and 3-D optical surface profiling of Upper Paleolithic mobiliary art. Microscopy and Analysis 39: 27-29.
  133. d'Errico, Francesco. 1996. La signification de l'art épipaléolithique: nouvelles hypothèses sur la signification de l'art epipaléolithique d'après l'analyse microscopique des galets gravés aziliens. La vie préhistorique, 432-435. Dijon: Edition Faton.
  134. d'Errico, Francesco. 1996. Marshack's approach: poor technology, biased science. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 6(1): 111-117.
  135. d'Errico, Francesco. 1998. Des encoches aux ordinateurs: l'origine des moyens artificiels de stokage de l'information. In La culture est-t-elle naturelle? Evolutions des concepts de culture. eds. A. Ducros, J. Ducros and F. Joulian, 199-216. Paris: Errance.
  136. d'Errico, Francesco. 1998. Paleolithic origins of artificial memory systems: an evolutionary perspective. In Cognition and material culture: the archaeology of symbolic storage, ed. C. Renfrew and C. Scarre, 19-50. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  137. d'Errico, Francesco. 2001. An engraved bone fragment from c. 70,000 Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa: implications for the origins of symbolism and language. Antiquity 75(288): 309-318.
  138. d'Errico, Francesco. 2001. Memories out of mind: The archaeology of the oldest artificial memory systems. In In the Mind's Eye: Multidisciplinary Approaches to the Evolution of Human Cognition, ed. April Nowell, 33-49. Ann Arbor: International Monographs in Prehistory.
  139. d'Errico, Francesco. 2002. Le prime informazioni registrate. Dal segno alla scrittura 12.
  140. d'Errico, Francesco. 2007. The Origin of Humanity and Modern Cultures: Archaeology's View. Diogenes 54(2): 122-133.
  141. Dewez, Michel. 1974. New hypotheses concerning two engraved bones from La Grotte de Remouchamps, Belgium. World Archaeology 5(3): 337-345.
  142. Dewez, Michel. 1975. Nouvelles recherches à la grotte du Coleoptère à Bomal-sur-Ourthe (Prov. du Luxembourg). Helinum 15: 105-133.
  143. Dewez, Michel. 1981. Les galets encochés et incisés du Paléolithique supérieur final de Belgique. Bulletin de la Société Royale Belge 92: 67-86.
  144. Dewez, Michel. 1987. Le Paléolithique Supérieur récent dans les grottes de Belgique. Louvain-la-Neuve: Publications d'Histoire de l'Art et d'Archéologie de L'Université Catholique de Louvain, 57.
  145. Dibble, Harold L., R.L. Holloway, Alexander Marshack, A. Rosenfeld, G.W. Trompf, W. Noble, and I. Davidson. 1989. On depiction and language. Current Anthropology 30 (3): 330-342.
  146. Dickson, D. Bruce. 1990. The Dawn of Belief. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.
  147. Didon, L. 1911. L'abri Blanchard des Roches. Bulletin de la Société Historique et Archéologique du Périgord 38: 321-345.
  148. Donald, M. 1998. Hominid enculturation and cognitive evolution, in Cognition and material culture: The archaeology of symbolic storage. Ed. Colin Renfrew and Christopher Scarre, 7-17. Cambridge: McDonald Institute.
  149. Donald, Merlin. 1991. Origins of the modern mind. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  150. Duff, Andrew I., Geoffrey A. Clark, and Thomas J. Chadderdon. 1992. Symbolism in the Early Paleolithic: A Conceptual Odyssey. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 2: 211-229.
  151. Duhard, J-P. 1988. Le calendrier obstétrical de la femme à la corne en bas-relief de Laussel. Bull. Soc. Hist. Archéol. Périgord 66: 257-275.
  152. Duport, L. 1960. Les gisements préhistoriques de la vallée des Eaux-Claires III. Os moustérien peut-être gravé. Bulletin de la Société Archéologique et Historique de la Charente: 55-59.
  153. Dupree, Louis, Lawrence Angel, Robert H. Brill, Earle R. Caley, Richard S. Davis, Charles C. Kolb, Alexander Marshack, Dexter Perkins, Jr. and Alan Solem. 1972. Prehistoric Research in Afghanistan (1959-1966). Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, New Series 62(4): 1-84.
  154. Edwards, Stephen W. 1978. Nonutilitarian Activities in the Lower Paleolithic: A Look at the Two Kinds of Evidence. Current Anthropology 19(1): 135-137.
  155. Elkins, James. 1995. Art history and images that are not art. The Art Bulletin 77(4): 553-571.
  156. Elkins, James. 1996. On the impossibility of close reading: the case of Alexander Marshack . Current Anthropology, 37(2): 185-226.
  157. Elkins, James. 1997. Our beautiful, dry and distant texts: art history as writing. Philadelphia: Pennsylvania State University Press.
  158. Ellegård, Alvar. 1981. Stone Age science in Britain? Current Anthropology 22(2): 99-125.
  159. Emmerling, E.; Geer, H.; Klíma, B. 1993. Ein Mondkalenderstab aus Dolní Vestonice. Quartär 43-44: 151-162.
  160. Eshleman, Clayton. 2003. Juniper Fuse: Upper Paleolithic imagination and the construction of the underworld. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press.
  161. Farbstein, Rebecca and Jirip Svoboda. 2007. New finds of Upper Paleolithic decorative objects from Predmosti, Czech Republic. Antiquity 81(314): 846-854.
  162. Flegg, Graham. 1983. Numbers: their history and meaning. New York : Schocken Books.
  163. Forbes, Allan Jr.; Thomas R. Crowder. 1979. The Problem of Franco-Cantabrian Abstract Signs: Agenda for a New Approach. World Archaeology, Vol. 10, No. 3, Caves. (Feb., 1979), pp. 350-366.
  164. Freeman, L. G. and Joaquin Gonzalez Echegaray. 1983. Tally-marked bone from Mousterian levels at Cueva Morín (Santander, Spain). Homenaje al Prof. M. Almagro Basch, vol. 1, 143-147. Madrid: Ministerio de Cultura.
  165. Freeman, Leslie G. 1978. Views of the Past: Essays in Old World Prehistory and Paleoanthropology. Chicago: Aldine.
  166. Fritz, Carole. 1999. Towards the reconstruction of Magdalenian artistic techniques: the contribution of microscopic analysis of mobiliary art. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 9(2): 189-209.
  167. Fritz, Carole. 2007. The Hidden Meaning of Forms: Methods of Recording Paleolithic Parietal Art. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 14 (1):48-80.
  168. Frolov, Boris A. 1965. La numération chez les Paléolithiques et les questions des sources mathématiques. Bulletin de la section Siberienne de l'Academie des Sciences, Série des Sciences Humaines 9:3.
  169. Frolov, Boris A. 1970. Aspects mathematiques dans l'art préhistorique. In Actes du Symposium International d'Art Préhistorique, Valcamonica, 1969, ed. Emmanuel Anati, 475-478. Capo di Ponte: Centro di Studi Preistorici.
  170. Frolov, Boris A. 1971. Die magische Sieben in der Altsteinzeit. Bild Der Wissenschaft 258-261.
  171. Frolov, Boris A. 1974. Chisla v grafike paleolita. Novosibirsk: Nauka.
  172. Frolov, Boris A. 1976. Variations cognitives et créatrices dans l'art mobilier au Paléolithique supérieur: rythmes, nombre, images. IX Congrès Internationale des Sciences Préhistoriques et Protohistoriques, Colloque XIV: 8-23.
  173. Frolov, Boris A. 1977. K istokam pervobytnoy astronomii (On the sources of prehistoric astronomy). Priroda 8: 96-106.
  174. Frolov, Boris A. 1978. Numbers in Paleolithic graphic art and the initial stages in the development of mathematics (Part 1). Soviet Anthropology and Archaeology 16(3-4): 142-166.
  175. Frolov, Boris A. 1978. Numbers in Paleolithic graphic art and the initial stages of development of mathematics (Part 2). Soviet Anthropology and Archaeology 17(1): 73-93.
  176. Frolov, Boris A. 1978-9. Numbers in Paleolithic graphic art and the initial stages of development of mathematics (Part 3). Soviet Anthropology and Archaeology 17(3): 41-74.
  177. Frolov, Boris A. 1979. Les bases cognitives de l'art paléolithique. In The Intellectual Expressions of Prehistoric Man. Art and Religion. Acts of the Valcamonica Symposium '79, ed. Emmanuel Anati. Capo di Ponte (Brescia), Edizioni del Centro, Milano: Editoriale Jaca Books Spa.
  178. Frolov, Boris A. 1979. Numbers in Paleolithic graphic art and the initial stages in the development of mathematics (Part 4). Soviet Anthropology and Archaeology 17(4): 61-113.
  179. Frolov, Boris A. 1981. On Astronomy in the Stone Age. Current Anthropology 22(5): 585.
  180. Frolov, Boris A. 1992. Pervobytnaa Grafika Evropy. Moskva: Nauka.
  181. G.S. 1938. Prehistoric arithmetic in Vestonice. Isis 28(2): 462-463.
  182. Gamble, Clive. 1980. Information Exchange In The Paleolithic. Nature 283 (5747): 522-523.
  183. Garrigou, Felix. 1867. Age du renne dans la grotte de la Vache. Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse 15: 58-67.
  184. Gerdes, Paulus. 2000. On mathematical ideas in cultural traditions of central and southern Africa. In Mathematics across cultures: the history of non-Western mathematics, ed. Helaine Selin and Ubiratan d'Ambrosio, 313-343. Berlin: Springer.
  185. Glory, A. 1956. Debris de corde paleolithique a la Grotte de Lascaux. Bulletin de la Societe Prehistorique Francaise LIII:263-264.
  186. Glory, A. 1958. Debris de corde paléolithique a la grotte de Lascaux. Memoires de la Société Préhistorique Française 5: 135-169.
  187. Gnesutta, Paola Ucelli. 2007. Figurazioni, simboli, segni, nell'arte mobiliare epigravettiana della Grotta delle Settecannelle. Ischia di Castro - Viterbo. XXII Valcamonica Symposium 2007. Valcamonica, Italy.
  188. Gob, A. 1983. Découvertes d'un fragment de galet gravé dans le gisement de la station Leduc à Remouchamps (Aywaille). Alumni 53: 1-5.
  189. Graindor, M-J. 1972. Upper Paleolithic rock engravings at Gouy (France). World Archaeology 3(3): 243-251.
  190. Grattan-Guinness, Ivor. 2000. The rainbow of mathematics: a history of the mathematical sciences. New York: W.W. Norton.
  191. Graziosi, Paolo. 1960. Paleolithic art. Florence: G.C. Sansoni.
  192. Grekhova, L.V. 1978. Biven' s narezkami so stoyanki Eliseyevichi. Sovetskaya Arkheologiya 2: 249-253.
  193. Grousson, M. 2007. Depuis quand compte-t-on ? In Science & Vie, 58-61. Paris: Mondadori/Excelsior Publications.
  194. Guilaine J., Francesco d'Errico and C. Rivenq. 1995. Le galet gravé de la Balma de la Margineda: position stratigraphique et analyse thématique. In Les excavacions a la Balma de la Margineda. eds. J. Guilaine and M. Marztluff, 167-177. Andorra: Edicions del Govern d'Andorra.
  195. Gurshtein, A.A. 1995. Prehistory of zodiac dating: three strata of Upper Paleolithic constellations. Vistas in Astronomy 39:347-362.
  196. Gurshtein, Alex A. 1993. On the origin of the zodiacal constellations. Vistas in Astronomy 36(2): 171-190.
  197. Gvozdover, M. 1995. Art of the Mammoth Hunters: The Finds from Avdeevo. Oxbow Monogr. 49. Oxford: Oxbow.
  198. Haarmann, Harald. 2005. The challenge of the abstract mind: symbols, signs and notational systems in European prehistory. Documenta Praehistorica 23: 221-232.
  199. Hadingham, Evan. 1979. Secrets of the Ice Age. New York: Walker and Co.
  200. Hahn, Joachim. 1972. Aurignacian signs, pendants and art objects in central and eastern Europe. World Archaeology 3(3): 252-266.
  201. Halverson, J. 1992. The first pictures: perceptual foundations of Paleolithic art. Perception 21 (3):389-404.
  202. Harrod, James. 1992. Two million years ago: the origins of art and symbol. Continuum 2(1):4-29.
  203. Harrod, James. 2006. Periods of globalization over 'the southern route' in human evolution (Africa, Southwest Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia and Sahul and East Asia): a meta-review of archaeology and evidence for symbolic behavior. Mother Tongue: Journal of the Association for the Study of Language in Prehistory 11: 23-84.
  204. Hawkes, C.J., Rosemary Powers, and E.K. Tratman. 1970. Decorated piece of rib bone from the Palaeolithic levels at Gough's Cave, Cheddar, Somerset. UBSS Proceedings 12(2): 137-142.
  205. Henri-Martin. 1910. Fragment d'omoplate de Bovidé avec traits gravés intentionnels, trouvé dans le Moustérien supérieur de La Quina, Charente. Bulletin de la Société Préhistorique Française 7: 41-42.
  206. Henri-Martin. 1910. Traces humaines laissées sur les os à l'époque moustérienne; constatations faites dans le gisement de La Quina, Charente. Toulouse. Association Française pour l'Avancement des Sciences 39: 242-45.
  207. Henshilwood, C., d'Errico, F., Marean, C., Milo, R., and Yates, R. 2001. An early bone tool industry from Blombos Cave, South Africa. Implications for the origins of modern human behavior, symbolism and language. Journal of Human Evolution 41: 631-678.
  208. Henshilwood, Christopher and C.W. Marean. 2003. The Origin of Modern Human Behavior: Critique of the Models and their Test Implications. Current Anthropology 44(5): 627-651.
  209. Henshilwood, Christopher and d'Errico, Francesco. 2005. Being modern in the Middle Stone Age : individuals and innovation. In The Hominid Individual in Context: Archaeological Investigations of Lower and Middle Palaeolithic Landscapes, Locales and Artifacts, ed. Clive Gamble and Martin Porr, 244-264. London; New York: Routledge.
  210. Henshilwood, Christopher and Judith Sealy. 1997. Bone artefacts from the Middle Stone Age at Blombos Cave, Southern Cape, South Africa. Current Anthropology 38(5): 890-895.
  211. Henshilwood, Christopher, Francesco d'Errico, Royden Yates, Zenobia Jacobs, Chantal Tribolo, Geoff A. T. Duller, Norbert Mercier, Judith C. Sealy, Helene Valladas, Ian Watts and Ann G. Wintle. 2002. Emergence of modern human behavior: Middle Stone Age engravings from South Africa. Science 295: 1278-1280.
  212. Henshilwood, Christopher, Judith C. Sealy; Yates, R, et al. 2001. Blombos Cave, Southern Cape, South Africa: Preliminary report on the 1992-1999 excavations of the Middle Stone Age Levels. Journal of Archaeological Science 28(4): 421-448.
  213. Hentze, Carl. 1932. Mythes et Symboles Lunaires. Anvers: Editions de Sikkel.
  214. Hill, Sharon. 1999. Paleolithic engravings from La Marche: discovering new images and meaning. American Indian Rock Art 26: 141-146.
  215. Hodgson, Derek. 2000. Art, perception, and information processing: An evolutionary perspective. Rock Art Research 17:3-34.
  216. Hoffecker, J.F. 2005. Innovation And Technological Knowledge In The Upper Paleolithic Of Northern Eurasia. Evolutionary Anthropology 14 (5): 186-198.
  217. Hoffecker, John F. 2007. Representation and recursion in the archaeological record. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 14(4): 359-387.
  218. Holdaway, Simon and Susan A. Johnston. 1989. Upper Paleolithic notation systems in prehistoric Europe. Expedition 31(1): 3-11.
  219. Houston, Stephen D. 2004. The Archaeology of Communication Technologies. Annual Review of Anthropology 33: 223-250.
  220. Hovers, Erella, B. Vandermeersch and Ofer Bar-Yosef. 1997. A Middle Palaeolithic engraved artefact from Qafzeh Cave, Israel. Rock Art Research 14(2): 79-87.
  221. Hovers, Erella. 1990. Art in the Levantine Epi-Palaeolithic: An Engraved Pebble from a Kebaran Site in the Lower Jordan Valley. Current Anthropology, Vol. 31, No. 3. (Jun., 1990), pp. 317-322.
  222. Huyge, D. 1990. Mousterian skiffle, note on a Middle Palaeolithic engraved bone from Schulen, Belgium. Rock Art Research 7(2): 125-132.
  223. Huylebrouck, Dirk. 1996. The bone that began the space odyssey, The Mathematical Intelligencer 18 (4): 56-60.
  224. Huylebrouck, Dirk. 1997. Counting on hands in Africa and the origin of the duodecimal system. Wiskunde en Onderwijs. 89.
  225. Huylebrouck, Dirk. 2000. The oldest mathematical artifact, but not in Flanders, Umubano, Journal of the Flanders-association.
  226. Isaac, G.L. 1976. Stages of Cultural Elaboration in Pleistocene - Possible Archaeological Indicators of Development of Language Capabilities. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 280: 275-288.
  227. Iturbe, G., M. Fumanal, J. Carrion, E. Cortell, R. Martinez, P. Guillem, M. Garralda, and B. Vandermeersch. 1993. Cova Beneito. Recerques del Museu de Alcoi: 223-88.
  228. Iwaniszewski, Stanislaw. 1999. Archaeoastronomy in traditional areas of Eurasia : a review paper. Archaeoastronomy 14(2): 87-127.
  229. Iwaniszewski, Stanislaw. 2000. An ornament on the antler from Nowa Lupianka, Podlaskie voivodeship - an archaeoastronomical analysis, Archeologia polski 45(1/2): 7-48.
  230. Jegues-Wolkiewiez, Chantal. 2005. Aux racines de l'astronomie, ou l'ordre caché d'une oeuvre paléolithique. Antiquités nationales 37: 43-62.
  231. Jerome, Lawrence E. 1973. Astrology and Modern Science: A Critical Analysis. Leonardo, Vol. 6, No. 2. (Spring, 1973), pp. 121-130.
  232. Jones, Rupert. 1873. On Some Implements Bearing Marks Referable to Ownership, Tallies, and Gambling, from the Caves of Dordogne, France. The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 2: 362-365.
  233. Jones, Rupert. 1875. On some bone and other implements from the caves of Périgord, France, bearing marks indicative of ownership, tallying, and gambling. In Reliquae Aquitanicae, ed. Edouard Lartet and Henry Christy, 183-201. London: Baillière.
  234. Joseph, George. 2000. The Crest of the Peacock. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  235. Jouary, Jean Paul. 2001. L'art pale´olithique re´flexions philosophiques. Collection Episte´mologie et philosophie des sciences. Paris, France: Harmattan.
  236. Kelley, David H. and E.F. Milone. 2005. Exploring ancient skies: an encyclopedic survey of archaeoastronomy. New York: Springer.
  237. King, A. R. 1973. Notation in Upper Palaeolithic carvings - new analytic methods. American Anthropologist 75(6): 1897-1900.
  238. Knight, C. 1991. Blood Relations: Menstruation and the Origins of Culture. New Haven, CT, and London: Yale University Press. P.359-361.
  239. Knight, C., C. Power, and I. Watts. 1995. The human symbolic revolution: A Darwinian account. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 5: 75-114.
  240. Kraus, G. 1971. A lunar calendar 34,000 years old. New Diffusionist 3: 105-106.
  241. Krupp, Edwin C. 1983. Echoes of the ancient skies: the astronomy of lost civilizations. New York: Harper & Row.
  242. Kuhn Steven L., Mary C. Stiner, David S. Reese and Erksin Güleç. 2001. Ornaments of the earliest Upper Paleolithic: new insights from the Levant. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 98(13): 7641-7646.
  243. Laming-Emperaire, Annette. 1959. Lascaux, paintings and engravings. Translated by E. F. Armstrong. Harmondsworth and Baltimore: Penguin Books.
  244. Laming-Emperaire, Annette. 1968. Systeme de Pensee et Organisation Social dans l'Art Rupestre Paleolithique. In L'Homme de Cro-Magnon, Anthropologie et Archeologie 1868-1968. Paris: Artes et Metiers Graphiques.
  245. Laoupi, Amanda. 2006. The Greek myth of Pleiades in the archaeology of natural disasters. Decoding, dating and environmental interpretation. Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry 6(1): 33-41.
  246. Larichev, V. Ye. 1980. Kalendarniy ritual''no-simvolicheskiy zhezl Achinskogo poseleniya i uroven'' astronomicheskikh poznaniy verkhnepaleoliticheskogo cheloveka Sibiri (The calendrical, ritual and symbolic baton from Achinsk and the level of astronomical knowledge of Upper Paleolithic man in Siberia). Izvestiya SO AN SSSR Seriya obshchestvennikh nauk 2(3): 51-64.
  247. Larichev, V. Ye. 1983. Lunno-solnechnaya kalendarnaya sistema verkhnepaleoliticheskogo cheloveka Sibiri: Opit rasshifrovki spiral''nogo ornamenta Achinskogo ritual''no-simvolicheskogo zhezla. (The lunar-solar calendar system of Upper Paleolithic man in Siberia: An experimental decoding of the spiral ornament of the Achinsk ritual-symbolic baton). Ms., Novosibirsk.
  248. Larichev, V. Ye. 1986. The mammoth tusk blade from Mal'ta: a calendar-astronomical calculating table of the Old Stone Age of Siberia. XI Congrès UISPP, Southampton.
  249. Larichev, Vitali Epifanovich, and Viacheslav Ivanovich Molodin. 1986. Koleso vremeni Solntse, Luna i drevnie liudi. Seriia Istoriia nauki i tekhniki. Novosibirsk: Izd-vo "Nauka," Sibirskoe otd-nie.
  250. Larichev, Vitalii Epifanovich, and Viacheslav Ivanovich Molodin. 1993. Sotvorenie Vselennoi? Solntse, Luna i Nebesnyi? drakon. Seriia Istoriia nauki i tekhniki. Novosibirsk: VO "Nauka".
  251. Larichev, Vitalii Epifanovich, E. S. Anninskii?, and IU. P. Kholiushkin. 2005. Drevnee iskusstvo znaki, obrazy i vremia : medved, mamont i zmei v khudozhestvennom tvorchestve paleolita Sibiri (semanticheskie rekonstruktsii). Novosibirsk: Izd-vo SO RAN.
  252. Larichev, Vitalii Epifanovich. 1984. Lunno-solnechnaia kalendarnaia sistema mal'tinskoi? kul'tury postanovka problemy.
  253. Larichev, Vitalii Epifanovich. 1986. Mal'tinskaia plastina iz bivnia mamonta schetnaia kalendarno-astronomicheskaia tablitsa drevnekamennogo veka Sibiri. Novosibirsk: Akademiia nauk SSSR, Sibirskoe otd-nie, Institut istorii, filologii i filosofii.
  254. Larichev, Vitalii Epifanovich. 1989. Zodiak v kalendarnykh sistemakh drevnekamennogo veka Sibiri mal'tii?skaia kul'tura. Novosibirsk: SO AN SSSR.
  255. Larichev, Vitalii Epifanovich. 1990. Drakonicheskii? kalendar drevnekamennogo veka Sibiri mal'tinskii? zhezl. Novosibirsk: [s.n.].
  256. Lartet, Edouard and Henry Christy. 1865-1875. Reliquiae Aquitanicae, being contributions to the archaeology and paleontology of the Périgord. Edited by Rupert Jones. London: Baillière.
  257. Lawson, G. and Francesco d'Errico. 2002. Microscopic, experimental and theoretical re-assessment of Upper Palaeolithic bird-bone pipes from Isturitz, France: ergonomics of design, systems of notation and the origins of musical traditions. In The Archaeology of Sound: Origin and Organisation, ed. E.A.K. Hickmann and R. Eichmann, 119-142. Studien zur Musikarchäoogie 3. Rahden / Westfalia: Leidorf.
  258. Laznickova-Gonysevova, M. 2002. Art mobilier magdalénien en matières dures animales de Moravie (République Tchèque). Aspects technologique et stylistique. Anthropologie 106(4): 525-564.
  259. Leonardi, P. 1988. Art Paléolithique mobilier et pariétal en Italie. L'Anthropologie 92: 139-202.
  260. Leroi-Gourhan, André. 1964. Le geste et la parole. I. Technique et language. Paris: Albin Michel.
  261. Leroi-Gourhan, Andre. 1965. The art of prehistoric man in Western Europe. London: Thames and Hudson.
  262. Leroi-Gourhan, Andre. 1967. Treasures of prehistoric art. New York: Abrams.
  263. Lewin, Roger. 1989. Ice Age art idea toppled. Science, 243(4897): 1435.
  264. Lewis-Williams, J. David and Thomas Dowson. 1989. Theory and data: a brief critique of A. Marshack's research methods and position on Upper Paleolithic shamanism. Rock Art Research 6: 42-50.
  265. Lincoln, Tim. 1991. Marking time in the Palaeolithic. Nature 351(3624): 273.
  266. Lindly J. M. and G. A. Clark. 1990. Symbolism and modern human origins. Current Anthropology 31(3): 233-261.
  267. Littauer, Mary Aiken, F.D. McCarthy, and Alexander Marshack. 1974. Upper Paleolithic engraving. Current Anthropology 15 (3): 327-332.
  268. Lucas, Gavin. 2005. The archaeology of time. London: Routledge.
  269. MacCurdy, George Grant. 1922. The First Season's Work of the American School in France for Prehistoric Studies. American Anthropologist 24(1): 61-71.
  270. Mania, D. and E. Ulcek. 1972. Ein neuer Fund von Homo erectus in Europa: Bilzingsleben (DDR). Anthropologie 15: 159-169.
  271. Mania, D. and U. Mania. 1988. Deliberate engravings on bone artefacts of 'Homo erectus'. Rock Art Research 5(2): 91-107.
  272. Marshack, Alexander and Francesco d'Errico. 1989. On wishful thinking and lunar 'calendars'. Current Anthropology 30: 491-500.
  273. Marshack, Alexander. 1964. Lunar Notation on Upper Paleolithic remains. Science 146(3645): 743-745.
  274. Marshack, Alexander. 1969. Polesini: a reexamination of the engraved upper paleolithic mobilary materials of Italy by a new methodology. Rivista di scienze preistoriche. 24:2: 219-81.
  275. Marshack, Alexander. 1970. Le bâton de commandement de Montgaudier (Charente): réexamen au microscope et interprétation nouvelle. L'anthropologie 74(5-6): 321-52.
  276. Marshack, Alexander. 1970. New techniques in the analysis and interpretation of Mesolithic notation and symbolic art. In Actes du Symposium International d'Art Préhistorique, Valcamonica, 1969, ed. Emmanuel Anati, 479-494. Capo di Ponte: Centro di Studi Preistorici.
  277. Marshack, Alexander. 1970. Notation dans les gravures du paléolithique supérieur; nouvelles méthodes d'analyse. Bordeaux: Delmas.
  278. Marshack, Alexander. 1970. The baton of Montgaudier. Natural History 74(3): 56-63.
  279. Marshack, Alexander. 1971. Upper Paleolithic engraved pieces in the British Museum. Prehistoric and Roman Studies: British Museum Quarterly Commemorative Volume.
  280. Marshack, Alexander. 1972. Cognitive aspects of Upper Paleolithic engraving. Current Anthropology 13(3-4): 445-477.
  281. Marshack, Alexander. 1972. The Roots of Civilization. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  282. Marshack, Alexander. 1972. Upper Paleolithic Notation And Symbol. Science 178(4063): 817-828.
  283. Marshack, Alexander. 1973. Analyse préliminaire d'une gravure à système de notation de la grotte du Täi (St. Nazaire-en-Royans, Drôme). Etudes Préhistoriques de la Société Préhistorique de l'Ardèche 4: 13-17.
  284. Marshack, Alexander. 1974. Critique Of Roots Of Civilization And Of Its Review By King, A.R.. American Anthropologist 76 (4): 845-847.
  285. Marshack, Alexander. 1976. Complexité des traditions symboliques du Paléolithique supérieur. In La préhistoire française : civilisations paléolithiques et mésolithiques, ed. H. de Lumley, 749-754. Paris: Éditions du CNRS.
  286. Marshack, Alexander. 1976. Implications of the Paleolithic symbolic evidence for the origin of language. American Scientist 64 (2): 136-145.
  287. Marshack, Alexander. 1976. Some implications of the Paleolithic symbolic evidence for the origin of language. Current Anthropology 17(2): 274-282.
  288. Marshack, Alexander. 1976. Some implications of the Paleolithic symbolic evidence for the origin of language. In Origins and evolution of language and speech, ed. Stevan R. Harnad, Horst D. Steklis and Jane Brown Lancaster, 289-311. Annals Of The New York Academy Of Sciences 280. New York: New York Academy of Sciences.
  289. Marshack, Alexander. 1976. The message in the markings. Horizon 18 (4): 64-73.
  290. Marshack, Alexander. 1977. The meander as a system: the analysis and recognition of iconographic units in Upper Paleolithic compositions. In Form in Indigenous Art, ed. Peter V. Ucko, 286-317. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
  291. Marshack, Alexander. 1978. Art and Symbols of Ice Age Man. Human Nature 1(9): 32-41.
  292. Marshack, Alexander. 1978. European ice age art and symbol. Archaeology 31(3): 52-55.
  293. Marshack, Alexander. 1979. Data For A Theory Of Language Origins. Behavioral And Brain Sciences 2 (3): 394-396.
  294. Marshack, Alexander. 1979. On Upper Paleolithic Symbol Systems. Current Anthropology 20: 605-608.
  295. Marshack, Alexander. 1979. Upper paleolithic symbol systems of the Russian plain: cognitive and comparative analysis Current Anthropology. 20(2): 271-311.
  296. Marshack, Alexander. 1982. Non-utilitarian fragment of bone from the Middle Palaeolithic layer. In Excavation in the Bacho Kiro cave (Bulgaria): Final report. ed. J. Kozlowski, 117. Warsaw: Panstowowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe.
  297. Marshack, Alexander. 1983. European Upper Paleolithic-Mesolithic symbolic continuity: a cognitive-comparative study of ritual marking, Valcamonica Symposium III (1979): Les Expressions Intellectuelles de l'Homme Préhistorique, 111-119, Capo di Ponte: Centro Camuno di Studi Preistorici.
  298. Marshack, Alexander. 1984. Concepts théoriques conduisant à des nouvelles méthodes analytiques, de nouveaux procédés de recherche et catégorie de données. L'Anthropologie 88: 573-586.
  299. Marshack, Alexander. 1985. A lunar-solar year calendar stick from North America. American Antiquity 50(1): 27-51.
  300. Marshack, Alexander. 1985. Hierarchical evolution of the human capacity: the Paleolithic evidence. New York: American Museum of Natural History.
  301. Marshack, Alexander. 1985. Theoretical concepts that lead to new analytic methods, modes of inquiry and classes of data. Rock Art Research 2(2): 95-111.
  302. Marshack, Alexander. 1986. The archaeological evidence for the emergence of human conceptualization. In Handbook of human symbolic evolution, ed. Andrew Lock and Charles Peters. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  303. Marshack, Alexander. 1987. L'évolution et la transformation du décor du début de l'Aurignacien au Magdalénien final. In L'art des objets au Paléolithique, vol. 2, Les voies de la recherche, ed. Jean Clottes, 140-162. Paris: Musées de France.
  304. Marshack, Alexander. 1988. Paleolithic calendar. In Encyclopedia of human evolution and prehistory, ed. Ian Tattersall, E. Dealson and Jean van Couvering, 419-420. New York: Garland.
  305. Marshack, Alexander. 1988. Paleolithic image. In Encyclopedia of human evolution and prehistory, ed. Ian Tattersall, E. Dealson and Jean van Couvering, 421-429. New York: Garland.
  306. Marshack, Alexander. 1988. The species-specific evolution and contexts of the creative mind - thinking in time. Journal Of Social And Biological Structures 11 (1): 116-119.
  307. Marshack, Alexander. 1989. Evolution of the human capacity: the symbolic evidence. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 32: 1-34.
  308. Marshack, Alexander. 1989. Ice Age Art Analysis. Science, New Series 244(4908): 1029.
  309. Marshack, Alexander. 1989. Methodology in the analysis and interpretation of upper palaeolithic image: theory versus contextual analysis. Rock Art Research 6(1): 17-53.
  310. Marshack, Alexander. 1989. Theory and methodology in the study of Upper Palaeolithic signs. Rock Art Research 6: 17-38.
  311. Marshack, Alexander. 1990. Early hominid symbol and the evolution of human capacity. In The emergence of modern humans, ed. Paul Mellars, 457-498. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
  312. Marshack, Alexander. 1991. A reply to Davidson on Mania and Mania. Rock Art Research 8: 47-58.
  313. Marshack, Alexander. 1991. The female image: a 'time-factored' symbol. A study in style and aspects of image use in the upper palaeolithic Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 57: 17-31.
  314. Marshack, Alexander. 1991. The roots of civilization. 2nd ed. Mount Kisco, NY: Moyer Bell.
  315. Marshack, Alexander. 1991. The Taï plaque and calendrical notation in the Upper Palaeolithic. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 1(1): 25-61.
  316. Marshack, Alexander. 1992. A Reply to F. d'Errico. Rock Art Research 9: 37-59.
  317. Marshack, Alexander. 1992. An innovative analytical technology: discussion of its present and potential use. Rock Art Research 9(1): 37-59.
  318. Marshack, Alexander. 1993. Correct data-base - wrong model. Behavioral And Brain Sciences 16 (4): 767-768.
  319. Marshack, Alexander. 1995. Images of the Ice Age. Archaeology 40(4): 28-39.
  320. Marshack, Alexander. 1995. Maszycka Iconography: A study of the dispersed symbol systems of the Magdalenien à navettes. A Magdalenian Family from the Maszycka Cave (Poland), ed. S.K. Kozlowski et al., Jahrbuch des Römisch-germanischen Zentralmuseums 40.
  321. Marshack, Alexander. 1995. Methodology and the search for notation among engraved pebbles of the European late Paleolthic: A review article on F. d'Errico, 1994, L'art gravé azilien: de la technique à la signification, Gallia Préhistoire 30. Antiquity 69(266): 1049-51.
  322. Marshack, Alexander. 1995. The art and symbols of Ice Age man. In Communication in history: technology, culture, society, ed. David J. Crowley and Paul Heyer, 5-13. White Plains, N.Y.: Longman Publishers USA.
  323. Marshack, Alexander. 1995. Variabilité de catégorie dans l'imagerie symbolique d'Öküzini et de Karain (Turquie). L'anthropologie 99(4): 584-592.
  324. Marshack, Alexander. 1996. A Middle Palaeolithic symbolic composition from the Golan Heights: the earliest known depictive image. Current Anthropology 37: 357-65.
  325. Marshack, Alexander. 1996. The La Marche antler revisited. Cambridge Archaeological Journal. 6(1): 99-117.
  326. Marshack, Alexander. 1997. On ''close reading'' and decoration versus notation. Current Anthropology 38 (1): 81-83.
  327. Marshack, Alexander. 1997. Paleolithic image making and symboling in Europe and the Middle East: a comparative review. In Beyond art: Pleistocene image and symbol, ed. Margaret W. Conkey, O. Soffer, D. Stratmann, and N.G. Jablonski, 53-91. San Francisco, Calif: California Academy of Sciences.
  328. Marshack, Alexander. 2002. Okuzini: the complexity and variation of the symbolic imagery. In Okuzini: Final Paleolithic Evolution in Southwest Anatolia, eds. I. Yalcinkaya, M. Otte, J. Kozlowski and O. Bar-Yosef, 285-332. Liege: University of Liege.
  329. McClellan, James E. and Harold Dorn. 1999. Science and technology in world history an introduction. Baltimore, Md: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  330. Mellars, Paul. 2005. The impossible coincidence. A single-species model for the origins of modern human behavior in Europe. Evolutionary Anthropology 14(1): 12-27.
  331. Mithen, Steven. 1988. Looking and Learning: Upper Paleolithic Art and Information Gathering. World Archaeology 19(3): 297-327.
  332. Mithen, Steven. 1995. Palaeolithic Archaeology and the Evolution of Mind. Journal of Archaeological Research 3(4): 305-332.
  333. Mithen, Steven. 1996. Notation, Paleolithic. In Oxford Companion to Archaeology, edited by Brian Fagan. New York: Oxford University Press.
  334. Mithen, Steven. 1996. On Early Palaeolithic ''concept-mediated marks, mental modularity, and the origins of art''. Current Anthropology 37 (4): 666-670.
  335. Mithen, Steven. 1996. The prehistory of the mind. London: Thames and Hudson.
  336. Mons, L. 1990. La gravure dans l'art mobilier du Paléolithique supérieur. L'art des objets art Paléolithique 2: 213-216.
  337. Movius, H. L., Jr. 1961. Three regions of primitive art. In New York Museum of Primitive Art Lecture Series (2): 14-15.
  338. Nadel, Dani, Udi Grinberg, Elisabetta Boaretto, and Ella Werker. 2006. Wooden objects from Ohalo II (23,000 cal BP), Jordan Valley, Israel. Journal of Human Evolution 50(6): 644-662.
  339. Nilsson, Martin P. Primitive Time Reckoning. Translated by F.J. Fieldan. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1920.
  340. Noble, William and Davidson, Iain. 2001. Discovering the symbolic potential of communicative signs - the origins of speaking a language. In In the mind's eye: multidisciplinary approaches to the evolution of human cognition, ed. April Nowell, 187-200. International Monographs in Prehistory, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
  341. Noble, William and Iain Davidson. 1991. The Evolutionary Emergence of Modern Human Behavior: Language and its Archaeology. Man (N.S.) 26: 223-253.
  342. Nowell, April and Francesco d'Errico. 2007. The art of taphonomy and the taphonomy of art: Layer IV, Molodova I, Ukraine. Journal Of Archaeological Method And Theory 14(1): 1-26.
  343. O'Farrell, Magen. and Randall White. 1995. Experimental and microscopic approaches to Early Aurignacian repetitive marking: The comparison of two objects from Abri Blanchard. In Les industries sur matières dures animales, ed. H. Camps-Fabrer, P. Cattelain, and C. Bellier. Liège: ERAUL.
  344. Otte, Marcel, Isin Yalcinkaya, Jean-Marc Leotard, Metin Kartal, Ofer Bar-Yosef, Janusz Kozlowski, Ignacio Lopez Bayon and Alexander Marshack. 1995. The epi-palaeolithic of Okuzini cave (SW Anatolia) and its mobiliary art. Antiquity 69 (266): 931-944.
  345. Patou-Mathis, M. 1995. Etude préliminaire de certaines pièces osseuses de Stránska Skála (Moravie) présentant des stigmates d'intervention humaine, in Stránska Skála Hill, ed. R. Musil,169-176. Brno: Moravian Museum.
  346. Patte, Etienne. 1934. Remarques sur quelques figurations préhistoriques, Revue anthropologique 1-3: 155
  347. Petru, Simona. 2005. Decorated stones from the open-air site of Zemono, Slovenia. World Archaeology 37(4): 637-640.
  348. Peyrony, Denis and J. Maury. 1914. Le gisement préhistorique de Laugerie-Basse. Revue Archéologique 134-154.
  349. Peyrony, Denis. 1934. La Ferrassie - moustérien - périgordien - aurignacien. Préhistoire 3: 1-92.
  350. Piette, Edouard. 1905. Les écritures de l'age glyptique. L'anthropologie 16: 1-11.
  351. Pletser, Vladimir, and Dirk Huylebrouck. 1999. The Ishango Artifact: the Missing Base 12 Link. Forma 14(4): 339-346.
  352. Polikarpovich, M. 1968. Paleolit verkhnego Podneprov'ya. Minsk: Nauka i Tekhnika.
  353. Powell, Arthur B. and Marylin Frankenstein. 1997. Uncovering Distorted and Hidden History of Mathematical Knowledge. In Ethnomathematics: Challenging Eurocetrism in Mathematics Education, ed. Marylin Frankenstein and Arthur B. Powell. New York: SUNY Press.
  354. Preziosi, Donald. 1982. Constru(ct)ing the Origins of Art. Art Journal 42(4): 320-325.
  355. Preziosi, Donald. 1989. Rethinking Art History: Meditations on a Coy Science. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  356. Rao, N. Kameswara. 2005. Aspects of Prehistoric Astronomy in India. Bull. Astr. Soc. India 33: 499-511.
  357. Rappenglück, Michael A. 1997. The Pleiades in the 'Salle des Taureaux', Grotte de Lascaux (France): Does a Rock Picture in the Cave of Lascaux Show the Open Star Cluster of the Pleiades at the Magdalénien Era, ca. 15,300 B.C.? In Actas del IV Congreso de la SEAC / Proceedings of the IVth SEAC Meeting "Astronomy and Culture", ed. C. Jaschek and F. Atrio Barandela, pp. 217-225. Salamanca: Universidad de Salamanca.
  358. Rappenglück, Michael A. 1999. Eine Himmelskarte aus der Eiszeit? Ein Beitrag zur Urgeschichte der Himmelskunde und zur paläoastronomischen Methodik, aufgezeigt am Beispiel der Szene in Le Puits, Grotte de Lascaux (Com. Montignac, Dép. Dordogne, Rég. Aquitaine, France). Frankfurt: Peter Lang Europäischer Verlag der Wissenschaften.
  359. Rappenglück, Michael A. 1999. Palaeolithic timekeepers looking at the Golden Gate of the ecliptic: The lunar cycle and the Pleiades in the cave of La-Tete-du-Lion (Ardeche, France) - 21,000 BP. Earth, Moon and Planets 85-6: 391-404.
  360. Rappenglück, Michael A. 2000. Ice Age People Find their Ways by the Stars: A Rock Picture in the Cueva de El Castillo (Spain) May Represent the Circumpolar Constellation of the Northern Crown (CrB). Migration Diffusion International Journal 1(2): 15-28.
  361. Rappenglück, Michael A. 2001. Paleolithic timekeepers looking at the golden gate of the ecliptic: the lunar cycle and the Pleiades in the Cave of La-Tête-du-Lion (Ardèche, France) - 21,000 BP. In Earth-moon relationships: proceedings of the conference held in Padova, ed. Cesare Barbieri and Francesca Rampazzi, 391-404. Berlin: Springer.
  362. Rappenglück, Michael A. 2003. The anthropoid in the sky: Does a 32,000-year old ivory plate show the constellation Orion combined with a pregnancy calendar? In Calendars, Symbols, and Orientations: Legacies of Astronomy in Culture; Proceedings of the 9th annual meeting of the European Society for Astronomy in Culture (SEAC), ed. Mary Blomberg, Peter E. Blomberg and Göran Henriksson, 51. Uppsala: Uppsala Astronomical Observatory Report No. 59.
  363. Ravdonikas, F. V. 1978. Lunarnye znaky v naskalnykh izobrajeniakh Onejskogo nzera (Lunar signs in the Onega petroglyphs). Novosibirsk: Nauka.
  364. Raynal, Jean-Paul and Robert Seguy. 1986. Os incisé acheuléen de Sainte-Anne 1 (Polignac, Haute-Loire). Revue Archeologique du Centre de la France 25(1): 79-81.
  365. Rice, Prudence M. 2007. Maya calendar origins: monuments, mythistory, and the materialization of time. Austin: University of Texas Press.
  366. Robbins, Lawrence H. 2000. Astronomy and Prehistory. In Astronomy Across Cultures: The History of Non-Western Astronomy, ed. Helaine Selin, 31-52. Dordrecht, Boston and London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  367. Robinson, Judith E. 1993. Neither use nor ornament: a consideration of the evidence for the existence of a system of communication and notation in the European Upper Palaeolithic. Doctoral thesis, University of Durham.
  368. Robinson, Judy. 1992. Not counting on Marshack: a reassessment of the work of Alexander Marshack on notation in the Upper Palaeolithic. Journal of Mediterranean Studies 2(1): 1-16.
  369. Rosen, Steven A. 1997. Lithics after the Stone Age: a Handbook of Stone Tools from the Levant. Walnut Creek (CA): Altamira Press.
  370. Rouillon, André. 2006. Au Gravettien, dans la grotte Cosquer (Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône), l'homme a-t-il compté sur les doigts? L'anthropologie 110: 500-509.
  371. Roy, S. B. 1976. Prehistoric lunar astronomy, [19000-3100 B.C]. New Delhi: Institute of Chronology.
  372. Rozoy, Jean-Georges et Colette. 2007. Gravures et abstraction: Les gravures non figuratives de Roc-la-Tour I, le schiste gravé des Beaux-Sarts et les progrès de l'abstraction durant la Préhistoire et l'Histoire. L'Anthropologie 111 (4) : 655-686.
  373. Rozoy, Jean-Georges. 1990. Les plaquettes gravées magdaléniennes de Roc-La-Tour I. L'art des objets au Paléolithique, Colloque de Foix 1987. In L'art mobilier et son contexte, 261-293.
  374. Rozoy, Jean-Georges. 1997. Les capacites mentales des artistes paleolithiques de l'Ardenne. L'Anthropologie 101 (1): 83-113.
  375. Russell, Pamela. 1989. Who and Why in Palaeolithic Art. Oxford Journal of Archaeology 8 (3): 237-249.
  376. Rust, Alfred. 1943. Die alt- und mittelsteinzeitlichen Funde von Stellmoor. Neumünster: Archaologisches Institut des Deutschen Reiches.
  377. Sanga, Glauco. 1995. Scrivere tessere tracciare, contare cantare sognare. Tre postulati su scrittura, lingua, pensiero. La Ricerca Folklorica, No. 31, Scrittura e figura. Studi di storia e antropologia della scrittura in memoria di Giorgio Raimondo Cardona. (Apr., 1995), pp. 107-131.
  378. Sauvet, Georges. 1988. La communication graphique paléolithique (de l'analyse quantitative d'un corpus de données à son interprétation sémiologique). L' Anthropologie 92 (1): 3-16.
  379. Sauvet, Georges. 1990. Les signes dans l'art mobilier. L'art des objets au Paléolithique, Colloque de Foix 1987. In Les voies de la Recherche, 83-99.
  380. Sermonti, Giuseppe. 1993. Ice-age man knew our constellations structural stability of astral configurations. Rivista di Biologia / Biology Forum 86(1): 75-87.
  381. Sharpe, Kevin and Leslie Van Gelder. 2006. The study of finger flutings. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 16 (3): 281-295.
  382. Sharpe, Kevin and M. Lacombe. 1999. Line markings as systems of notation? In News 95: International Rock Art Congress Proceedings: 46. Pinerolo, Italy: IFRAO.
  383. Smith, Catherine Delano. 1982. The emergence of 'maps' in European rock art: a prehistoric preoccupation with place. Imago Mundi 34: 9-25.
  384. Sonneville-Bordes, D. de. 1960. Le Paléolithique supérieur en Périgord, vol. 2. Bordeaux: Delmas.
  385. Stepanchuk, V. N. 1993. Prolom II, a Middle Palaeolithic cave site in the eastern Crimea with non-utilitarian bone artefacts. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 59: 17-37.
  386. Svoboda, Jirip. 1995. L'art gravettien en Moravie: contexte, dates et styles. L'Anthropologie 99(2-3): 258-272.
  387. Tacon, Paul S.C., Richard Fullagar, Sven Ouzman, and Ken Mulvaney. 1997. Cupule engravings from Jinmium-Granilpi (northern Australia) and beyond: exploration of a widespread and enigmatic class of rock markings. Antiquity 71: 942. 
  388. Thevenin, A. 1972. L'art azilien de l'abri de Rochedane (commune de Villars-sous-Dampjoux, department du Doubs). Homo 1: 223-231.
  389. Thévenin, A. 1972. Les galets gravés aziliens de l'abri de Rochedane à Villars-sous-Dampjoux (Doubs). Congrès de la Société Préhistorique de France 19: 341-347.
  390. Thevenin, A. 1973. L'art azilien de Rochedane (Villars-sous-Dampjoux, près de Pont-de-Roide, Doubs, France). Actes du VIIIe Congrès UISPP, vol. 2: 88-92.
  391. Thévenin, A. 1983. Les galets gravés et peints de l'abri de Rochedane (Doubs) et le problème de l'art azilien. Gallia Préhistoire 26: 139-188.
  392. Thompson, W.I. 1981. The time falling bodies take to light: mythology, sexuality, and the origins of culture. London: Rider/Hutchinson.
  393. Tosello, G. 2003. Pierres gravées du Périgord Magdalénien, Gallia Préhistoire 36. Paris: CNRS Editions
  394. Tratman, E.K. 1976. A late Upper Palaeolithic calculator (?), Gough's Cave, Cheddar, Somerset. Proceedings of the University of Bristol Spelaeological Society 14: 115-122.
  395. Trotter, Robert J. 1972. Tracing the Roots of Civilization. Science News 101(8): 124-126.
  396. Vega Del Sella, Ricardo. 1916. El paleolítico de Cueto de la Mina. Madrid:Comision de Investigaciones Paleontológicas y Prehistóricas, Memoria no.13
  397. Vértes, László. 1964. Tata: eine mittelpaläolithische Travertin Siedlung in Ungarn. Series Nova 43. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiado.
  398. Vértes, László. 1965. "Lunar Calendar" from the Hungarian Upper Paleolithic. Science, New Series, Vol. 149, No. 3686. (Aug. 20, 1965), pp. 855-856.
  399. Villaverde, V. 1992. Principaux traits évolutifs de la collection d'art mobilier de la Grotte de Parpalló. Anthropologie 96(2-3): 375-396.
  400. Vincent, A. 1988. L'os comme artefact au Paléolithique moyen: principes d'étude et premiers résultats. In L'Homme de Néandertal, Vol. 4: La technique, ed. M. Otte, 185-196. Études et Recherches Archéologiques de l'Université de Liège 31, Liège.
  401. Violet, William and M. Wayne Alexander. 2005. An Information System Approach to the Origins of Accounting: Pre-humans to the Greeks. Academy of Accounting and Financial Studies Journal 9(2): 103-114.
  402. Viré, Armand. 1908. La crozo de Gentillo. L'anthropologie 19: 409-424.
  403. Vlasov, V. G. 1989. K voprosu o kalendare verkhnego paleolita. Sovetskaia Arkheologiia 2: 5-23.
  404. Welte, A.C. and Lambert, G. 1992. Portable Art from Fontales Rockshelter (Tarn-et-Garonne) - Further Observations. Anthropologie 96(2-3): 245-318.
  405. White, Randall. 1982. The manipulation and use of burins in incision and notation. Canadian Journal of Anthropology 2(2): 129-135.
  406. White, Randall. 1989. Visual thinking in the Ice Age. Scientific American 260(7): 92-99.
  407. White, Randall. 1992. Beyond art: toward an understanding of the origins of material representation in Europe. Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. 21. 1992), pp. 537-564.
  408. White, Randall. 1994. Les archives paléolithiques. La Recherche. 25:746-750.
  409. Wiese, Heike. 2003. Numbers, language, and the human mind. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  410. Wiese, Heike. 2007. The co-evolution of number concepts and counting words. Lingua 117: 758-772.
  411. Willis, Roy G. and Patrick Curry. 2004. Astrology, science and culture. Oxford: Berg.
  412. Wobst, H.M. 1977. Stylistic behavior and information exchange. In For the Director: Essays in honor of James B. Griffin, 317-342. University of Michigan Museum of Anthropology Anthropology Papers 61.
  413. Wynn, Thomas and Frederick L. Coolidge. 2008. A stone-age meeting of minds. American Scientist 96(1): 44-51.
  414. You, Yuzhu. 1982. Preliminary study on Paleolithic bone engraving in Shiyu, Shanxi province, China. In Quaternary Geology and Environment of China, ed. Quaternary Research Association of China, 199-201. Beijing: China Ocean Press.
  415. You, Yuzhu. 1984. Preliminary study of a Paleolithic bone engraving. Kexue Tongbao 29 (1): 80-82.
  416. Zaslavsky, Claudia. 1973. Africa counts. Chicago: Lawrence Hill.
  417. Zaslavsky, Claudia. 1991. Women as the first mathematicians. Women in Mathematics Education Newsletter 14(1): 4.
Feliks, John. 2008. Phi in the Acheulian: Lower Palaeolithic intuition and the natural origins of analogy. In BAR S1804 2008: Proceedings of the XV World Congress UISPP (Lisbon, 4-9 September 2006), Volume 19, Pleistocene palaeoart of the world. Feliks, John. 2006. Musings on the Palaeolithic fan motif. In P. Chenna Reddy (ed.), Exploring the mind of ancient man (Festschrift to Robert G. Bednarik), 249-66. Research India Press, New Delhi. Feliks, John. 1998. The impact of fossils on the development of visual representation. Rock Art Research 15: 109-34.
Creative Commons License
If you have any corrections, additions, or comments, please contact me. Please note that I am not able to respond to all requests. The material on this page was compiled by Stephen Chrisomalis. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 Unported License. Links to this page may be made without permission.

Top of page
Return to the Phrontistery